Leaf 3D Imaging Services

Leaf 3D Imaging Services

As experts in the field of biophysical analysis, CD BioSciences is dedicated to developing advanced imaging tools and techniques to help our customers study leaf three-dimensional (3D) structures and photosynthetic structures through high-resolution 3D and time-series images. We look forward to working with you and providing you with professional and efficient scientific services.


In previous studies, scientists have used microscopy techniques for leaf imaging to study photosynthesis at multiple junctures and have gained important insights, including elucidating the basic mechanisms of photosynthesis, the diffusion pathways and light utilization gradients within the leaf. In recent years, rapid advances in the field of physics have allowed the initial two-dimensional (2D) explorations to be visualized in 3D space, opening up new avenues for research in the biological sciences.

3D microscopy techniques are now a powerful and useful tool in cellular and structural biology. Emerging technologies are providing new insights into the structure-function relationships between internal leaf anatomy and photosynthesis, as well as improving the ability to simulate water use efficiency, net carbon fixation and metabolite turnover rates in leaves. The tools and techniques available for effective in vivo leaf 3D imaging have greatly accelerated the exploration of leaf 3D structure and the relationships between leaf cellular components, and also provided new approaches to the study of photosynthesis.

Two and three-dimensional view of a rice leaf blade.Fig.1 Two and three-dimensional view of a rice leaf blade. (Khoshravesh, 2022)

Our Biophysical Analysis Services

Combining concepts and techniques from the fields of optical and quantum physics, biochemistry, and statistics, researchers at CD BioSciences focus on providing technical support and scientific services for customers to study the structural and biochemical composition of green leaves, as well as their optical and structural complexity. Our services include, but are not limited to:

  • We use a combination of complementary imaging techniques to accurately estimate leaf structure at large and small scales, and to assess the dynamic structure of leaves and the biochemical response to environmental fluctuations.
  • We use electron tomography and single particle electron microscopy to provide our clients with detailed information on the photosynthetic structure.
  • We provide 3D imaging measurements of small plants and combine tracked data with chlorophyll-a fluorescence imaging measurements to accurately determine photosynthetic electron transport rates.

Advantages of Our Services

  • Long-standing expertise
  • Highly skilled, PhD-level biochemists and biophysicists
  • Fast turn-around times
  • Customer-centered service

CD BioSciences is committed to providing best-in-class biophysical analysis services to our customers. We offer precise and rapid imaging techniques for studying leaf structures including photosynthetic structures. Our services will greatly contribute to the success of your project. If you need technical support related to biophysical analysis, please contact us for more information and a detailed quote.


  1. Khoshravesh, R.; et al. Leaf microscopy applications in photosynthesis research: identifying the gaps. Journal of experimental botany. 2022, 5:erab548.
For research use only, not intended for any clinical use.
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CD BioSciences is a biotechnology company focused on biophysical services. We are proficient in both chemistry and biophysics, and have a comprehensive biophysical platform containing a wide range of advanced technologies.

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